Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Research Journal of Arts &amp; Social Sciences (ISSN: 2456-4761)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/ARJASS/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of Arts, Humanities and Social sciences. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences 2456-4761 Embracing Radicalism and Extremism in Indonesia with the Beauty of Islam <p>The phenomena of radicalism and extremism in religiosity, especially are a global trend. They are widespread easily due to technological advancement, especially in the information and communication fields. This study tries to explore the mainstreaming of Islamic moderation in encountering such phenomena in Indonesia. It is qualitative research employing the documentary technique for collecting data, then analyzing them through discourse and content analysis. The results of this study indicate that, based on awareness of the reality of the struggle between radical extremism and the moderate Islam in today's global world, the portrait of "the beauty of Islam" consisting a blend of truth, goodness and beauty and a recognition to the highest respect of the preservation of man’s religion, soul, offspring, intelligence and wealth, need to be probed and presented forward. Indonesia, - a country with the largest Muslim population and rich in diversity,- can become a role model in countering radicalism and extremism by disseminating the practices of moderate Islam to its adherents.</p> Iffatin Nur A. Hasyim Nawawie Hiba Fajarwati Hani Chusna ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 1 18 10.9734/arjass/2020/v10i230141 Origin of Worshipping the Mother Goddess in Vietnam <p>For centuries Mother Goddess worship has been a source of strength, inspiration and spirituality in Vietnam, particularly among working-class families. Along with the worship of ancestors, the belief of worshipping the village tutelary gods, the worship of Mother Goddess has maintained an important position in the spiritual life of the Vietnamese people. Though over throughout many the years, this form of folk the religion has waxed and waned, recently there has been a resurgence following the inscription by UNESCO in 2016 of the phenomenon of Mother Goddess worship<em> (Dao Mau)</em> as intangible cultural heritage. Much as it plays an important role in contributing to the Vietnamese culture, there are many different viewpoints on the origin of this religion. This article contributes to helping readers have a more complete and comprehensive view of the origin of this important folk religion of the Vietnamese people.</p> Vu Hong Van ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-05 2020-02-05 19 29 10.9734/arjass/2020/v10i230142 Human Development, Government Spending and Economic Growth in West Africa <p>This study verifies the role of government spending on the relationship between human development and economic growth in West African Countries using an extension of human development measure. We generate a new measure of human development that considered environmental influence by performing Principal Component Analysis on environmental variables such as: (i) Atmospheric Pollution (i.e. carbondioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>), (ii) emmissions, fossil fuel energy consumption, methane (CH<sub>4</sub>) and (iii) Nitrous (N<sub>2</sub>)) and incorporate welfare measures used by HDI (i.e. Education, Health and Income) to generate a scientifically weighted index (HDIGEN).The study employed Fixed effect method using annual time series data between 1980 and 2017. The results showed that human capital on its own is positively, statistically and significantly related with output. However, when human capital is interacted with government spending (GSHK), negative relation was found, but not statistically significant. These results might not be found wanton in the sense that all the countries under study are documented among the corrupt nations. Most of the funds meant for augmenting human capital might not be spent for the purpose for which they are meant. We found negative relationship between human development and output when we used the most common measure of human development (HDI) and the generated one (HDIGEN), but only the one generated was statistically significant. The results showed that measuring human development requires holistic approach of measure, especially consideration of environmental factors. When we interacted government spending with HDIGEN, we discovered positive relation and statistically significant results, while the interaction of government spending with HDI, showed negative and statistically insignificant results. The implication is that if government of these countries can be sincere in spending on improving environmental factors while focusing on improving human development, sustainable development goal can equally be achieved.</p> Olabode Philip Olofin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-08 2020-02-08 30 36 10.9734/arjass/2020/v10i230143