The Relationship between Athlete Satisfactions with Coach Management Training Programme, Transformational Leadership and Sports Innovations

Main Article Content

Siti Nur Ain Zakinuddin
Sabarani Haji Ghazali


Athlete satisfaction is a sense of satisfaction derived from the leadership, experience and behavior of the coach. This study will expose the athlete’s satisfaction in sports and give advantages of the sports industry generally in Malaysia and particularly at Universiti Utara Malaysia. This study will be helpful in completing research related to sports topics as the results of this study will be able to see the relationship between Coach Management Training Programme, Transformational Leadership and Sports Innovation with Athletes Satisfaction. The subjects of the study were 42 athletes of Universiti Utara Malaysia. This study uses quantitative methods conducted through questionnaires. The use of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 25.0 has been carried out to determine the results of descriptive analysis, reliability and correlation. The results show, athlete’s satisfaction has a positive relationship with the Coach Management Training Programme, Transformational Leadership and Sports Innovations.

Athlete satisfaction, coach management training programme, transformational leadership, sports innovations.

Article Details

How to Cite
Zakinuddin, S. N. A., & Ghazali, S. H. (2019). The Relationship between Athlete Satisfactions with Coach Management Training Programme, Transformational Leadership and Sports Innovations. Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 9(3), 1-8.
Original Research Article


Ahmad Shabery Cheek. Sports industry to play more prominent role in Malaysia’s economic growth; 2011.
Available: pada 8 Oktober 2018

Axello Tacts. FIFA Sahkan Separuh Daripada Populasi Manusia Di Bumi Menonton Piala Dunia. Dipetik pada 22 Disember daripada; 2018.

Anuar Din. Gaya kepimpinan, kepuasan kerja dan pengurusan program latihan jurulatih terhadap kepuasan atlet sekolah sukan (Tesis doktor Falsafah yang tidak diterbitkan). Sekolah Pendidikan dan Pembangunan Sosial, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah; 2010.

Gibbons T, McConnel A, Forster T, Riewald ST, Peterson K. Reflections on success: US Olympians describe the success factors and obstacles that most influenced their Olympic development (Vol. Report phase II). Colorado Springs: United States Olympic Committee; 2003.

Greenleaf C, Gould D, Dieff enbach K. Factors influencing Olympic performance: Interviews with Atlanta and Nagano U.S. Olympians. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 2001;13:154–184.

Cakioglu A. Leadership and satisfaction in soccer: Examination of congruence and players’ position (Master thesis yang tidak diterbitkan). Department of Physical Education and Sport: Middle East Technical University; 2003.

Hoch JE, Bommer WH, Dulebohn JH. Do ethical, authentic and servant leadership explain variance above and beyond Transformational Leadership? A metaanalysis. Journal of Management. 2018; 44(2):501-529.
DOI: 10.1177/0149206316665461

Abdul Majeed, Sabarani Ghazali. The Mediating Role of Intrinsic Motivation between Transformational Leadership And Creativity, Acta Information Malaysia. 2017; 1(1):01-03.

Tatiane Baseggio Crespi, Priscila Rezende da Costa, Taísa Scariot Preusler, Geciane Silveira Porto. The alignment of organizational structure and R&D management in internationalized public company: The EMBRAPA case Innovation & Management Review, 2019;16(2):193-216. Available:

Stenling A, Tafvelin S. Transformational leadership and well-being in sports: The mediating role of need satisfaction. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2014;26(2): 182-196.

Smith MJ, Arthur CA, Hardy J, Callow N, Williams D. Transformational leadership and task cohesion in sport: The mediating role of intrateam communication. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2013;14:249–257.

Cronin LD, Arthur CA, Hardy J, Callow N. Transformational leadership and task cohesion in sport: The mediating role of inside sacrifice. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology. 2015;37:23–36.

National Sports Institute. Background of National Sports Institute from the Sports Innovations Perspective; 2019.

Schoderbek. Management system conseptual considerations, Business Publications; 1985.

Kim S, Magnusen M, Andrew D, Stoll J. Are transformational leaders a double edged sword? Impact of transformational leadership on sport employee commitment and job satisfaction. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. 2012;7(4):661-677.

Bass B, Riggio R. Transformational leadership. Mahwah, Lawrence Erlbaum; 2006.

Charbonneau D, Barling J, Kelloway EK. Transformational leadership and sports performance: The mediating role of intrinsic motivation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2001;31:1521–1534.

Kao S-F, Tsai C-Y. Transformational Leadership and Athlete Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Coaching Competency, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 2016; 28:469–482.

Mariana MB, Sabina M, Ingrid I. Innovation in the Context of World Sports Development. The European proceedings of social & behavioural sciences. ICPESK 2015: 5th International Congress of Physical Education, Sports and Kinetotherapy; 2016.

Dabic M, Potocan V, Pavicic J, Nedelko Z. Personal values as predictors of managers’ innovativeness – from theory to practice. In: 2019 International Conference of the IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Society (TEMSCON 2019), Atlanta, Georgia, United States; 2019.

Damanpour F, Schneiderw M. Phases of the Adoption of Innovation in Organizations: Effects of Environment, Organization and Top Managers. British Journal of Management. 2006;17:215–236.

Angel Martinez-Sanchez, Manuela Perez-Perez, Silvia Vicente-Oliva. Absorptive capacity and technology: influences on innovative firms. Management Research: Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management; 2019.

Anne T. Innovation for Social Inclusion in Sport. Innovation development books. 2016; 42-58.

Sekaran U. Research Methods for Business: A Skill Building Approach. New York: John Wiley & Son; 2015.

Damanpour F. Organizational complexity and innovation: Developing and testing contingency models, models, Management Science. 1996;5(42).

Vanessa R. Sport innovation: the role of social entrepreneurship and creativity in fostering sport related business activities. Abstract for the Research Colloquium on Societal Entrepreneurship and Innovation at RMIT; 2014.

Sonali Shah. Sources and patterns of innovation in a consumer products field: Innovations in Sporting Equipment. Sloan Working Paper #4105; 2000.

Muslim T, Pasaman S. Penerapan dan pendekatan teori sistem: studi kasus universitas hkbp nomensen. Fakultas Teknik Universitas Sumatera Utara; 2004.

Creswell JW. Educational research planning, conducting and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. New York: Pearson; 2017.

Sadowski P. System theory as an approach to the study of literature: origins and functions of literature, E. Mellen Press, Lewiston NY; 1999.

Sekaran U. Research Methods for Business :A Skill Building Approach. New York: John Wiley & Son; 2010.

Chua Yan Piaw. Kaedah dan statistik penyelidikan buku 1: Kaedah penyelidikan. Kuala Lumpur: Mc Graw Hill; 2006.