The Role of Community-based Organizations in Addressing Social Equity among Deprived Sections in the Conflict Vulnerable Areas in Karnataka, India

Main Article Content

MaryKutty Karimundakkal Augusty
Josefina T. Dizon


Aim: This study assessed the social equity situations in conflict vulnerable areas, and examined the role of 40 community-based organizations (CBOs) spread across the four sub-regions in Karnataka targeting societal change towards social equity.

Study Design: The study employed the survey research design with a sample of 420 beneficiaries of CBO-implemented programs and focus group discussion the officials of each of the CBOs.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Karnataka, India and data gathering was conducted from July 2019 to September 2019

Methodology: Data for the study were obtained through the use of survey, focus group discussions and key informant interviews. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics using chi-square test were done in analysing the data.

Results: The primary role of CBOs, based on evidence from their vision and mission, is to bridge the social equity gap between marginalized and vulnerable communities and the mainstream society through program initiatives and education. These programs were mainly on skills training, child rights protection, and with other major concerns enveloped as social justice and fairness operationalized through access to livelihood, access to education, participation in the political and cultural life, access to self-determination, and peace building community. Besides the preventive roles played by CBOs, they also provide rehabilitation for the exploited and abused in society.

Conclusion: The CBOs in consultation with relevant government agencies, should organize programs in unifying the cultural and religious diversities, widen the scope of their educational programs, and provide the beneficiaries with specialized educational programs along with their skills training to qualify them to bid for contracts in government and non-governmental organizations since there are still visible evidence of social inequalities despite the extensive implementation and awareness education provided thus far.

Social equity, CBO, strategic planning, conflict vulnerable group.

Article Details

How to Cite
Augusty, M. K., & Dizon, J. T. (2020). The Role of Community-based Organizations in Addressing Social Equity among Deprived Sections in the Conflict Vulnerable Areas in Karnataka, India. Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 11(1), 24-41.
Original Research Article


Pal P, Ghosh J. Inequality in India: A survey of recent trends, un department of economic and social affairs (DESA) Working Papers, No. 45, UN, New York; 2007.

Sen AK. Inequality Re-examined, Russell Sage Foundation, New York; 1992.

Gayer L, Jafferlot C. Muslims in Indian Cities: Trajectories of Marginalization, C Hurst and Co Publishers/Columbia University Press; 2012.

Miller B. The Endangered Sex: Neglect of Female Children in Rural North India, Revised Edition, New York: Cornell University Press; 1997.

Saxena V. Essays on inequality and discrimination: Caste, Religion and Gender in India (Doctoral Dissertation, Heriot-Watt University); 2014.

Ismail M. Corporate Social Responsibility and Its Role in Community Development: An International Perspective. The Journal of International Social Research. 2009; 2(9):199-209.

Rawls J. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; 1971.

Frederickson GH. Social Equity and Public Administration: Origins, Developments, and Applications. Routledge; 2010.

Sushma N, Pranavi. Political Empowerment of Women in Local Bodies, Local Government Quarterly. A Journal of the All India Institute of Local Self-Government. 2009;79(2).

Hur MH. Empowerment in Terms of Theoretical Perspectives: Exploring a Typology of the Process and Components across Disciplines. Journal of Community Psychology. 2006;34(5):523–540.

Hamilton E. Adult Education for Community Development. New York: Greenwood Press. 1992;47-49.

World Bank. A FRAMEWORK FOR EMPOWERMENT: Summary. Based on “Empowerment and Poverty Reduction: A Sourcebook; 2002.

Joshi N. Caste System in Ancient India. Ancient History Encyclopedia; 2017.

Maruthi I, Peter P. Caste Discrimination Practices in Rural Karnataka. Institute for Social and Economic Change. Working Paper 418, Bangalore; 2018.

Raju AK. Vision 2025 KARNATAKA, Social Justice and Empowerment; 2018.

Fook J. Social Work: Critical Theory and Practice. Sage; 2002.

Tew J. Understanding power and powerlessness: Towards a framework for emancipatory practice in social work. Journal of Social Work. 2006;6(1):33-51.

Bagde S, Epple D, Taylor L. Does affirmative action work? Caste, gender, college quality, and academic success in India. American Economic Review. 2016; 106 (6):1495-1521.

Hnatkovska V, Lahiri A, Paul S. Castes and Labor Mobility. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics. 2012;4(2): 274-307.

Anderson S. Caste as an Impediment to Trade. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics. 2011;3(1):239-63.

Sivapriyan Dalit man’s body lowered from bridge in Tamil Nadu. Deccan Herald, Chennai; 2019.

Yadav UR. Ola driver held for murder of Kolkata model near KIA; 2019.

Sumanjeet S. The State of Gender Inequality in India. Gender Studies. 2016; 15(1):139-157.

Prabhavathi PO, Naveena N. An Analysis of Poverty in Karnataka: A Study. Journal of Humanities and Social Science. 2014; 19(3):27-31,Ver. III.