Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences https://www.journalarjass.com/index.php/ARJASS <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Research Journal of Arts &amp; Social Sciences (ISSN: 2456-4761)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/ARJASS/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of Arts, Humanities and Social sciences. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US contact@journalarjass.com (Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences) contact@journalarjass.com (Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences) Mon, 13 Jul 2020 06:51:57 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Pre-service Teachers Perception, Knowledge and Attitudes toward Stigmatization of Mentally Ill Patients in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile- Ife, Osun State, Nigeria https://www.journalarjass.com/index.php/ARJASS/article/view/30169 <p>The study investigated the pre- service teachers’ perception, knowledge and attitudes towards stigmatization of mentally ill patient in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile- Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. It further examined the perceived causes of stigmatization, effect of stigmatization on mentally ill- patients as well as the measure that can be adopted to reduce and eliminate stigmatization of mentally ill patients in our society. It further investigated the influence of gender on pre- service teachers’ perception and attitude towards stigmatization of mentally ill patients on one hand and the influence of gender on pre- service teachers’ knowledge of mental illness on the other. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population consisted of all pre- service teachers in the Faculty of Education. The sample comprised 400 pre- service teachers randomly selected across four departments in the faculty. Data for the study were collected using a questionnaire titled “Questionnaire on Pre- service Teachers Perception, Knowledge and Attitudes towards Stigmatization of Mentally Ill- Patients”. Data collected were analysed using frequency counts, percentages, Relative Significance Index and chi- square statistical method of analysis. The results showed the major causes of stigmatization with their respective Relative Significance Index (RSI) values as perceived dangerous and unpredictable behaviour of mentally ill patients (RSI=0.75); lack of recognition of mental illness as other illness (RSI=0.71); inability to live independently (RSI=0.71). It is concluded that the perception of pre-service teachers towards stigmatization of mentally ill patients as well as adequate knowledge of mental illness did not reflect on their attitude towards the phenomenon.</p> Adekemi Quamariyat Idowu, Babatunde Adeniyi Adeyemi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.journalarjass.com/index.php/ARJASS/article/view/30169 Mon, 13 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Foreign Policy Analysis: A Theoretical Assessment of U.S.-China Military Relations https://www.journalarjass.com/index.php/ARJASS/article/view/30170 <p>Bringing together two nations that are so disconnected from culture and history was a major task. China's attempts to develop a new kind of great power relationship and a 'new type of military-to-military relationship with the United State is not a major turning point. Political relations place restrictions for military cooperation and the two countries were unable to establish a viable strategic relationship.&nbsp;That has attributed to a trend in military ties which is&nbsp;on and off. Trends show a level of frequent interruptions in military-to-military interactions between 2000 and 2010, accompanied by a rise in relationships starting in 2012 to date. However, hurdles on both ends are likely to restrict mutual understanding and inhibit the advancement of military-to-military ties in the future. The issue of Taiwan, China behaviors in the SCS, and its hegemony in the region were too insignificant to form a foundation for a permanent partnership.</p> Tomiwa Sunday Adebayo, Victor Adjarho Ovuakporaye ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.journalarjass.com/index.php/ARJASS/article/view/30170 Tue, 14 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Society’s Resilience to Conflict: An Analysis of Its Key Determinants in Conflict-Prone Rakhine State of Myanmar https://www.journalarjass.com/index.php/ARJASS/article/view/30171 <p>This study explored contributors to a society’s resilience to conflict in a multiethnic community in Rakhine State of Myanmar. It examined how a society’s resilience to conflict was related to economic and sociocultural interactions between diverse communities, presence of security forces in a community’s neighboring areas, physical isolation from outsiders, people’s rumour verification practices, presence of civil society organizations (CSOs) and community based organizations (CBOs), and efficient community leadership. A survey of 1,668 respondents in 27 conflict-unaffected and conflict-affected villages and interview with 1,200 respondents was conducted among members of diverse ethnic groups across Rakhine State. Results suggested that there was a significant and positive correlation between a society’s resilience to conflict and each of ‘economic interactions’ (<em>P</em> = .000), ‘sociocultural interactions’ (<em>P</em> = .000), ‘presence of security forces in a community’s neighboring areas’ (<em>P</em> = .000), and ‘efficient community leadership’ (<em>P</em> = .000). Despite each individual of these independent variables being weakly correlated with the dependent variable, their combined effect strongly correlated with the dependent one. On the other hand, a society’s resilience to conflict negatively correlated with each of ‘physical isolation from outsiders’ (<em>P </em>= .001) and ‘people’s rumour verification practices' (<em>P </em>= .000). However, a society’s resilience to conflict hardly correlated with ‘presence of civil society organizations (CSOs) and community based organizations (CBOs)’, with only less than 1% of respondents in both conflict resilient and vulnerable areas articulating the significant role of these organizations in preventing intercommunal conflict in their areas.</p> Htet Paing Oo ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.journalarjass.com/index.php/ARJASS/article/view/30171 Wed, 05 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The National Democratic Congress (NDC) and Human Rights Promotion in the Fourth Republic of Ghana https://www.journalarjass.com/index.php/ARJASS/article/view/30172 <p>Human rights are a justified entitlement that any person may claim because of being human &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;and that right to be socially guaranteed. Ensuring human rights requires that institutions are committed to their promotion and enforcement. It is against this backdrop with respect to the human rights record of Ghana especially under her Fourth Republic that this work is motivated to assess the promotion and protection of human rights under the National Democratic Congress (NDC) regime from 2009 to 2017. The work seeks to examine the political environment that the NDC created during its eight years of administration to ensure the enjoyment of fundamental human rights, with focus on how it strengthened constitutional human right institutions like the Commission of Human Rights and Administrative Justice (CHRAJ) and the Media. This work is qualitative and uses primary and secondary sources of data to gather the information. The findings of this work reveal and confirm that human rights was the premise of Ghana`s transition to democratic rule since 1993 with the promulgation of the Fourth Republican Constitution which makes provision for the enjoyment of fundamental human rights and freedoms. The study recommends that the promotion and protection of human rights should be a matter of a collective responsibility.</p> Harrison Kofi Belley ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.journalarjass.com/index.php/ARJASS/article/view/30172 Thu, 06 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000