Open Access Original Research Article

An Analysis of Housing Problems in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja, Nigeria

Abuh, Paul Ojochenemi, K. T. Oyatayo

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/26333

The paper focuses on Analysis of Housing Problems in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT); Abuja.             A total of 491 Questionnaire were collected and subjected to descriptive statistical analysis. Also,                focus group discussion (FGDs) involving seven (7) people in each council area to represent each                 target group to talk about housing problem in their place of abode. The study reveals that (66.3 percent) of the respondent have their water from unsafe sources, (44.2 percent) of the respondent have their toilet facilities not conducive for hygienic living, (83.5 percent) respondent method of disposal are not officially approved and (46.4 percent) respondent pay between N2,000 – N4,000 for facilities (water, electricity) in their accommodation. Therefore, for the FCT to meet the standard of being one of the best urban centers in Africa, efforts must be made by the Federal Government, Federal Capital Territory Authority (FCTA), Mortgage institutions and private individuals in reducing these housing problems.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Stepping up Agenda 2030 for the Attainment of Gender Parity and Sustainable Development in Nigerian Tertiary Institutions: A Case Study

Oluwatoyin Olatundun Ilesanmi

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-18
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/26525

The most important determinant of a country’s competitiveness is its human talent — the skills and productivity of its workforce. The strongest, safest and most prosperous societies are those in which women are empowered and the genders are more equal. Gender equality is not a women or men issue—it is a human rights issue. Sequel to the adoption of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights by UN in 1948, education became a veritable implementation tool for promoting and achieving gender equity, social justice, poverty reduction and the overall advancement of women. This has opened the door of university education to a lot of women in Nigeria. As a widely recognized basic human right which bestows on women and men a disposition for lifelong acquisition of knowledge, values, attitudes, competence and skills, university education has also paved way for an increasing number of women into academic positions. In spite of these attainments, the World Economic Forum predicts in its Global Gender Gap Report 2014 that it will take until 2133 to achieve gender parity in all spheres of life, implying one hundred and seventeen (117) years until gender parity! The implementation of great decisions for sustainable development in Nigerian Tertiary Institutions cannot wait till 2133. Stepping up actions geared towards eliminating gender disparities in leadership and decision-making as well as building bridges to leadership for women will help to build healthier higher educational institutions, society and culture, and most likely lead to the attainment of sustainable development goals (SDGS) by 2020 or 2030. Thus, showcasing the achievements of the Centre for Gender and Development Studies, Ekiti State University, Nigeria, this paper posits that the time for accelerating gender equality in universities for sustainable development is now.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Implications of Rising Public Debt on Unemployment in Nigeria: An Auto Regressive Distributed Lag Approach

Igberi Christiana Ogonna, Odo Stephen Idenyi, Anoke Charity Ifeyinwa, Nwachukwu Udochukwu Gabriel

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/26394

This study examined the implications of rising public debt on unemployment in Nigeria (1980-2015) using the auto regressive distributed lag model and Wald test econometric analytic tools. The findings of the study indicate a long run relationship between the dependent and independent variables. It is estimated from the ARDL long run test that 1% increase in public debt on the average, will bring about 1.6% increase in unemployment rate (UNEM). The result from the ARDL long run test reveals also that 1% increase in GDP growth rate on the average will bring about 0.12% decrease in unemployment rate (UNEM). On the other hand, it was found that 1% increase in inflation rate will bring about 0.2% decrease in unemployment. The study therefore concludes that public borrowing in Nigeria has not created its desired impact in the economy; hence the increase in public debt has not reduced unemployment. Also, rapid increasing debt service obligations constitute an obstacle to the implementation of new development oriented projects; therefore, worsening unemployment situation in the economy. The study therefore, makes the following recommendations: firstly, that public borrowing should strictly be for capital projects that have the capacity to create jobs only. Secondly, economic sector projects should have positive internal rate of return as high as the cost of borrowing and government should imbibe high level of transparency in public expenditure and procurement process. Finally, over bearing domestic borrowing should be discouraged as these crowds out private sector investment and consequently compounds our unemployment issues since the government naturally cannot compete with the private sector.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

The Impact of Public Debt on Economic Development of Nigeria

Abula Matthew, Ben Daddy Mordecai

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/27263

This study examined the impact of public debt on economic development of Nigeria using annual time series data spanning 1986 to 2014. The study employed the Augmented Dickey-Fuller test, Johansen co-integration test, Error Correction Method (ECM) and the Granger Causality test. The Johansen co-integration test results revealed the presence of a long-run relationship among the variables viz; external debt stock, domestic debt stock, external debt servicing, domestic debt servicing and economic development (proxied with GDP per capita) in Nigeria. The ECM results revealed that external debt stock and external debt servicing have insignificant negative relationship with economic development in Nigeria, however, domestic debt stock has a direct and significant relationship with economic development while domestic debt service payment was significant but inversely related to economic development in Nigeria. The lagged error correction terms in ECM 1 and ECM 2 equations are high and statistically significant judging from its high and negatively signed coefficient. The study therefore recommended that the government should reduce the level of external debt it accumulates overtime, but domestic debt accumulation would contribute significantly to the development of the economy.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Poor Land Utilization on Sustainable Human Development in Ado-Odo/Ota of Ogun State, Nigeria

Tolulope Adetayo Fajobi, Adebusuyi Isaac Adeniran

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/26998

This research focuses on exploring the impact of poor utilization of land on sustainable human development. Poor land utilization is a serious global problem with diverse implications for socio-economic and sustainability of human development, particularly in the contemporary Nigerian societies. This study essentially seeks to understand the extent of involvement of local actors in utilization of land resources and connection between poor land utilization and incidence of poverty in Nigeria. The study engaged both Marxism and Vicious cycle of Poverty theories in advancing understanding on the subject matter. The research work engages cross-sectional research approach, which combines questionnaires, in-depth interview and focus group discussion in sourcing for useful information from selected communities in Ado-odo/Ota local government, Ogun state. Stratified sampling technique was engaged in selecting respondents for the administration of questionnaire while purposive sampling was engaged in selecting interviewees and discussants for interviews sessions. Data were analyzed using descriptive and content analysis.Finding from this study unearth how the socio-economic well-being of the country could be enabled courtesy of appropriate usage of its land resources.